Qinghai Cambra Theme Park project
The World of Mandala
- Tsongkhapa Memorial Park Zone at Qinghai Cambra National Park
1. Project location
The project is located on the Cambra peak in Cambra National Forest Park at Jianca County in Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. Cambra National Forest Park is the only key tourist area in Qinghai Province that integrates high valleys, smooth lakes, Yellow River scenes, and Danxia landforms, as well as religion, cultures, and nature. At the same time, it is also the birthplace of the post propagation period of Buddhism in China. It is the world's only religious holy land that sees the coexistence of both the red and yellow Tibetan Buddhism, the symbiosis of the “Xian” and “Mi” schools, and the coexistence of monks and nuns. The Park is on the north shore of the Yellow River, close to the famous Lijiaxia Hydropower Station, 50 km from Maketang County of Jianca Town, 131km from the provincial capital Xining, forming the magnificent landscape of “blue water surrounding red mountains and dams locking the Yellow River” together with Lijiaxia Reservoir.
The Cambra area is at an altitude of 2100 to 4000 meters. The special natural and geographical conditions form a microclimate of a mild and humid environment, where it is cool and wet in summer, with abundant rainfall, lush vegetation, a forest coverage rate of 26%, and about 800 species of plants, wherein 130 are trees and shrubs; major species include Qinghai spruce, pine, birch, aspen, juniper, ulmus glaucescens, and Siberian apricot trees. Due to the large height differences, it has clear spectrum of vertical forest vegetation landscape zones, which are, from the bottom up, temperate valley grassland - temperate broadleaf forest - cold temperate coniferous and broad-leaved forest - alpine shrub - alpine meadow - alpine flowstone slope sparse vegetation. The rugged natural landscape, beautiful ecological environment, rich cultural and historical connotations have made Cambra a very attractive destination.
2. Project Background
The project is located on the Cambra peak in Cambra National Forest Park, to commemorate and remember the great leaders of the post propagation period of Buddhism - Tsongkhapa. Cambra region belongs to the post propagation period of Buddhism, which is located in the protection zone of the national Regong culture ecological protection experimental zone. It is one of the core areas of the Regong culture radiation area. The Aqiongnanzong Temple, Nuns Temple, and Sanxiu Cave and other cultural attractions in the Cambra National Forest Park are the main venues for activities of the post propagation period of Buddhism, which have high values of historical monuments and religious experience. While increasing number of tourists arriving at Cambra National Forest Park and the increase of new scenic tour sites, the post propagation period culture zone also needs new focuses of endorsement. As a result, Tsongkhapa Memorial Park gushed out. The master theme sculpture is destined to become the focus of the post propagation period culture zone and even the entire Amdo Tibetan region, and is destined to become another pilgrimage in the hearts of Tibetans.
3. Theme Planning- the World of Mandala
This planning is based on the unique landform of Cambra National Park and the deep cultural roots of the post propagation period of Tibetan Buddhism, to demonstrate and pass on the post propagation period culture, which is the core of the theme, and with the legendary life of Tsongkhapa as the main line, the project was designed to build a shrine of Buddhism on the plateau, and create a true world of Mandala.
4. Structure Planning
The whole Memorial Park was designed to have a structural layout of "one axis, two districts and nine points”.
One axis: the pilgrimage axis stretching from the entrance plaza to the Tsongkhapa theme sculpture at the summit fleshes out.
Two areas: the trestle zone and the worship zone.
Nine points: the mercy and wisdom field, the Datura field, the Baita prayer flags, the Mani shrines, the conch listening to preaches, and golden light in the trestle zone, and the mandala, the prayer platform and the theme sculpture at the worship zone.